Integration of Vision and Speech Understanding Using Bayesian Networks

Sven Wachsmuth, Gudrun Socher, Hans Brandt-Pook, Franz Kummert, and Gerhard Sagerer
University of Bielefeld
Online Anywhere


The interaction of image and speech processing is a crucial property of multimedia systems. Classical systems using inferences on pure qualitative high-level descriptions miss much information when concerned with erroneous, vague, or incomplete data. We propose a new architecture that integrates various levels of processing by using multiple representations of the visually observed scene. The representations are vertically connected by Bayesian networks in order to find the most plausible interpretation of the scene.

The interpretation of a spoken utterance naming an object in the visually observed scene is modeled as another partial representation of the scene. Using this concept, the key problem is the identification of the verbally specified object instances in the visually observed scene. Therefore, a Bayesian network is generated dynamically from the spoken utterance and the visual scene representation.

Keywords: integration of speech and vision, vision, speech understanding, correspondence problem, multi-modal input, spatial modeling, Bayes nets, graph matching.